Modular Homes For The Homeless
Homes for Hope, which Los Angeles studio Madworkshop developed in collaboration with the USC School of Architecture’s Homeless Studio, is a modular system of prefabricated units that can be assembled rapidly on any small plot of unused land.
The project aims to create developments that will house people for three to six months before they can move into permanent accommodation.
Sofia Borges, director at Madworkshop, is keen to stress the importance of this intermediary period in moving homeless people into housing.
“It can be extremely traumatic for someone who has been chronically homeless for decades to go from the streets into a permanent home,” Borges told Dezeen. “Having that transitional place is critical.”
The housing units designed for the project, which will be fabricated off-site and then forklifted into place, can be stacked on top of each other or combined horizontally to create offices and communal spaces.
The units have been designed to offer dignity to their residents, featuring an idiosyncratic kink in the wall facing the entrance that angles the window to allow more light into the space.
“The space has an exultant feeling,” Borges claimed. “It feels like it moves upwards, which has a nice psychological impact.”
“There’s a level of dignity to this design,” she continued. “A shelter doesn’t have to look like what you think a shelter looks like. Why would we design down for part of our community?”
On top of providing a comfortable and cheerful home, the units have been designed to appeal to the neighbourhoods they will inhabit in order to prevent construction from being blocked.
According to Borges, one of the major challenges of building a temporary community for the homeless is gaining the support of the local neighbourhood.
“There’s a tremendous amount of stigma around this housing typology,” she explained. “How do you get a community on your side to do the right thing?”
In order to appeal to local residents, the communities have been designed to blend in with the surrounding buildings. “The design looks like any kind of apartment complex,” said Borges. “That’s the point, it’s not what you might expect.”
The project has been designed to make use of the ‘by-right’ housing laws passed in California in 2017, which let affordable housing projects of thirty beds or less bypass the procedures that allow community groups to appeal against their construction.
“Homes for Hope was designed with NIMBYism in mind,” said Borges. “Even if a neighbourhood doesn’t want it, they can’t stop it at a public hearing.”
Borges claims that the lack of focus on emergency stabilisation housing in favour of permanent housing solutions for the homeless ultimately leads to a greater number of people living on the streets in Los Angeles, where the homeless population is currently estimated at being somewhere between 50,000 and 100,000.
“There’s a tremendous amount of focus on permanent supportive housing, which is the solution for ending homelessness,” said Borges.
However, she notes that permanent housing solutions can take three to five years to develop and build, leaving many without a place to live in the interim. “You can’t leave people out on the streets for that long,” she said. “It’s irresponsible.”
The architects claim that funding is currently the only barrier that stands in the way of construction of the first Homes for Hope community. “As soon as funding comes into place, the first community can be on-site within six months,” Borges asserted.
The first developments will be built in partnership with Hope of the Valley Rescue Mission, a local charity who will act as an on-site service provider for the residents.
This movie is part of Dezeen x MINI Living Initiative, a collaboration with MINI Livingexploring how architecture and design can contribute to a brighter urban future through a series of videos and talks.
October 23, 2018 at 06:53AM